Civil Litigation


Whether you are initiating or defending a lawsuit, civil litigation can be intimidating and uncertain. The attorneys at The Nelson Law Group have broad litigation experience which enables any legal matter to be streamlined and cost-effective, reducing the stress involved. The firm has handled challenging and pressing problems covering subject matters across the legal spectrum. There are few limits to the problems you can bring to The Nelson Law Group. When the firm takes your case, we believe we can make a difference and help achieve your goals.

  • Administrative Law
  • Appellate Practice
  • Business/Commercial Litigation
  • Construction Litigation
  • Civil Rights
  • Eminent Domain & Condemnation
  • Employment and Labor
  • First Amendment & Media
  • General Civil Litigation
  • Insurance
  • Land Use & Zoning
  • Products Liability, Personal Injury & Torts
  • Workers Compensation
  • Ad Valorem Tax Appeals

Civil litigation law refers to the area of law that deals with disputes between individuals, businesses, or other entities that are not related to criminal activities. It encompasses a wide range of legal issues that can lead to lawsuits, and it involves the process of resolving these disputes through the court system. Here are some key aspects of civil litigation law:


1. Types of Cases: Civil litigation covers a diverse array of cases, including contract disputes, personal injury claims, property disputes, employment issues (such as wrongful termination or discrimination), landlord-tenant disputes, intellectual property disputes, family law matters (such as divorce and child custody), and more.


2. Parties Involved: In civil litigation, the parties involved are typically referred to as the plaintiff and the defendant. The plaintiff is the party bringing the lawsuit, while the defendant is the party being sued.


3. Legal Process:

  • Pleadings: The lawsuit begins with the plaintiff filing a complaint that outlines the allegations and the legal basis for the lawsuit. The defendant then responds with an answer.
  • Discovery: This phase involves the exchange of information and evidence between the parties. It includes methods such as depositions, interrogatories, requests for documents, and requests for admissions.
  • Pretrial Motions: Parties may file motions to ask the court for specific rulings before the trial begins. These motions could involve matters like dismissing the case (motion to dismiss), seeking summary judgment, or excluding certain evidence.
  • Trial: If the case isn’t settled or dismissed, it proceeds to trial. Both parties present their arguments and evidence before a judge or jury.
  • Judgment: After hearing the evidence, the judge or jury renders a verdict. If the verdict is in favor of the plaintiff, the court will issue a judgment outlining the remedies or damages awarded.
  • Appeals: Either party may appeal the judgment if they believe errors were made during the trial or in the application of the law.

4. Settlement: Many civil cases are settled before reaching trial. Settlement negotiations can occur at various stages of the litigation process. A settlement is an agreement between the parties to resolve the dispute without going to trial, often involving compensation or other concessions.


5. Legal Representation: Parties in civil litigation often seek legal representation from attorneys who specialize in this area of law. Attorneys assist with legal research, drafting documents, negotiations, and court appearances.


6. Remedies: If the plaintiff is successful in a civil lawsuit, they may be entitled to various remedies, such as monetary compensation (damages), specific performance (forcing a party to fulfill a contractual obligation), injunctions (ordering or prohibiting certain actions), and more.

It’s important to note that civil litigation laws and procedures can vary significantly between jurisdictions (countries, states, or regions), so it’s essential to consult local laws and seek legal advice specific to your situation.